Articles

Jam’e Mosque of Varamin

Vahid Pourtajrishi  6/8/2014

The City of Varamin, with more than 214 historical Buildings and monuments, and cultural systems, is very rich, such as Congregational Mosque, and Allaodouleh Tower, and the Bahram Palace, and The Gabry Castle, and the Abbassi Caravan place, and Einolraqshid and the Temple of Immamzadeh Jaffar and Mussa Kazim; Yahya,ShahMohammad, and Shah Hossein, Yousef Reza and Immamzadeh Ali, could be introduced as the special places, known as the main historical places, and religious places of Varamin
The City of Varamin, with more than 214 historical Buildings and monuments, and cultural systems, is very rich, such as Congregational Mosque, and Allaodouleh Tower, and the Bahram Palace, and The Gabry Castle, and the Abbassi Caravan place, and Einolraqshid and the Temple of Immamzadeh Jaffar and Mussa Kazim; Yahya,ShahMohammad, and Shah Hossein, Yousef Reza and Immamzadeh Ali, could be introduced as the special places, known as the main historical places, and religious places of Varamin
The usual people of Varamin, in the first half of the Hejri Century Ghamary, accepted and complied with the Islamic Faith, and tried very much for its development. The Sadough memorizing group, and the knowledgeable people trying to learn the Hadith, and also many Shieis, at the era and time of The Imam Zaman large disappearance, were existing in Varamin, that connects to the holy man Mohammad Varamini, who has been the Haffez of Sadough. The city of Varamin today has more than 700000 population, and more than 100000 acres (Hectar) useful and, for agriculture. This part of the Country, with mass productions such as grain(wheat), Barley, and cotton, is well known as one of the most important areas of the country in regard of agriculture and livestock( Stockbreeding)as well .
According to some historical documents, the city of Varamin has been created, named, and constructed by Cyrus the Great, one of the kings of Hakhamanesh dynasty .And because of the large and vast variety of lands, he named it "VARNA", and he always mentioned this city as one of his favorites, and also was very proud of it, during his lifetime...

 

 
varamin mosque

THE NATIONAL ANCIENT REMAINING BUILDING CALLED THE IMAMZADEH SEYED SOLTAN, IN VARAMIN:
The grave of Imamzadeh Seyed Soltan Mahmoud, is a tomb, well known in Varamin for people to go there and pray as a pilgrimage. The building of this tomb, which is registered as a national ancient monument, is located in the middle of a village called Khaveh; in the vicinity of the Javad Abad of Varamin. Inside the main room, and under its temple, it is painted in white color and a light attracter is established in the upper part of that, near the entrance of the building .And in the middle of the main room, there is the grave of Soltan Mahmoud, covered by a wooden decoration, with some beautiful handwork on it. This building regarding the style of architectural designs, goes back, and is attributed to the Safavi's Dynasty.
 
THE HISTORY OF VARAMIN CONGREGATIONAL MOSQUE:
 
The Group Mosque of Varamin, was constructed at the time of SOLTAN Mohammad Khodabandeh, and this building, has been mentioned and has come in the Travel notebook of Madam DioLafoa, while she has been visiting Varamin ,at the era of Nassereddin Shah, Ghajar, and we bring a little of those notes here: "After four hours of walking on feet, and stepping on the agricultural products, and hearing lots bitter words from the gardeners, a temple appeared, with a light blue tomb ,belonging to a Mosque, which was located exactly in the middle of these farms, and this village is called Varamin"
THE MOSQUE OFVARAMIN:
 
The Congregational Mosque of Varamin, is one of the most popular samples of Four hall mosques of Iran. The establishment of this mosque, has been by the Soltan Mohammad Oljayto (Khodabandeh),it had begun ,and it had been finished by his son Abu Saeed Bahador Khan, and was completed .and the dates from 722 to 726 Hejri Ghamari it is shown in the Basement and also near the main tower ,it is shown. This building in 1815 (h. g.), at the time of Shahrokh Teimuri has been remodeled.
In the beginning of northern straight of the building, and also at the southern end of entrance, the sight of Bazar (or the shopping area) is visible. The temple of surrounded sailings is ending to four different balconys, and there are two halls in the northern straight and two halls in the southern part as well. In the back of main Balcony the Gonbad or the Temple room is located. Other ceilings and also is twice as the size of main entrance hall. On the other hand the width and the tallness of it are 2/3rd of the length of the main hall. Therefore the main balcony is a little sized Balcony (the entrance with cover on the top, and it has specialized for the stand or sit of the Imam, or Khalife in the mosque), which is designed very simple and also glorious leading the whole scene. The supremacy combined with the glory and artful architectural match, are also covering the whole building especially the front balcony which is very special in this Mosque.
The top Main Entrance door of this Mosque is very interesting, and also it is painted on the side walls of the entrance with nice light blue it is covered by Ceramics and it is made very professional as well. This Entrance door, regarding the design and the perpetration, is like the Natanz and the Mosque congregational temple of Mozafari in Kerman. This mosque has two towers which are standing on two side by side bases.
 
THE ART AND ARCHITECT OF THE CONGEGATIONAL MOSQUE OF VARAMIN:
 
The entrance of the Mosque is the main door for going inside which is the hall and is located in the north part, and the scene of Mosque is a square yard, and the center is a pool like pools that were made in the middle of old castles. The Balcony of the main room has lots of handwritten stones, and the rocky tables of the Friday readings, also in Arabic, Farsi, and Kuffi language, are the examples of great writings of that era. Many designs of Slimy and also some writings in Farsi, and Arabic and Farsi are varied there. The hall or entering square, is guided from out to inside. And after touching the palm of hall, which is made of Bricks and it feels very cool. The heat of the building is arranged to be given to the floor and made the area very cold and the air will turn around the sides of interior. This also repeats inside the main square scene of the main room, and all balconies have the same fresh and cold air conditioning. That’s why the Jam’e Mosque is useful just in day light. In the eastern and western balconies there are some windows. 11 windows are located in the eastern side and 10 windows are made on the western side. The ingredients and materials have been used for the Varamin Mosque are Bricks and cement and Sarouge. Brick is a material that was discovered from the Mongols and Tatars. These kind of bricks were made of mud usually and what is so remarkable about them is the size of these bricks and they are 22x22x5/4 cm.
The Material of Sarouge: Sarouge is a material that dries very slow and is combination of about ten equal size of powder and 7 makil of the wood burned remainders and powder and one makil of ross and usual soil and one makil of desert sand and water with sand of jagan and must be mixed for a long time because it shall not crack and minimize after use. ln the malat or materials of this mosque also there have been used the Vineyard juice and many eggs of birds to be strong.
In different areas, some of the main materials which are strengthening, regarding their accessibility .The would have been added to the main material, and some rare materials were deducted from them. In the material named sarouge used in Jame Mosque, some material such as the grape juice and eggs of birds also have been used .Meaning that in Eight Century ,the Varamin have had several Grape Gardens and many Vineyards, which their products have been used or dedicated for construction and architect .Also, to obtain or catch thousands of Bird's eggs, from migrating birds ,near the Najafabad river near SiahKouh and its salty river, and the deirKouh up to the Bahram's Palace have not been very hard task.
The city of Varamin has three different central sections of JavadAbad, Pishva and six little villages, and four towns of Varamin named Gharchak, Pishva, and Javadieh. Most of the State' tribe population are living in Javadieh, and this little Town is a very tourist area, because of the historical monuments and documents.
Some interesting centers: : Imamzadeh Yahya, the Congregational Mosque of Varamin, and the tower of Allaeddin, lmamzadeh Jaffar Pishva, Shahzadeh Hossein Dome, The grave of Madam Kowkaboldin, the Degh Cave of Kashkuli or the Afghani's prison are interesting for tourists to visit.



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