Articles

Sepahdari Mosque of Ara'ak

Vahid Pourtajrishi  6/29/2014

The same is a structure of the Qajar period, and the date of its construction coincides with that of bazaar under the orders of Sepahdar A'zam. This school was converted into the first school of religious sciences in this city. Imam Khomeini and Ayatollah Golpayegani were educated here.

The mode of architecture is related to the Safavid era, and comprises of a mosque, water reservoir and other facilities. Its tile-work of the Qajar era is still evident. It has a comparatively large courtyard with a pool in the center. Roof structure of all rooms is in the form of rocking arches made of bricks. The interior cover of dome ceiling is combination of brick and tile and in all rooms is a mix of plaster and soil and the final coating is a layer of gypsum. The outer cover of roof is thatch and ash.

The floor of yard and rooms is laid by mosaic with dimensions of 30*30 cm, and floor of porches is covered with marble with dimensions of 20 × 20 cm.

Structural system in the building is load bearing wall with thickness of 70-80 cm. All load bearing walls are located on a modular network with width of 4 meters.

In the load bearing walls all openings are the same width (1 m) and are all in one direction. In all load Life Science Journal 2013;10.

 

Bearing walls, niches with different width have been embedded so that they are located on a modular network. In making the walls, brick, mortar and lime plaster and clay has been used. In construction of foundation, large stones and lime mud slurry has been used. The only part where structural system is the wall and columns is the dome space located on the southern side of the building. In this space, the columns are made of brick and are load-bearing and copper and lead sheets have been used at the base of the columns.

 

Reference:

http://www.lifesciencesite.com/lsj/life1001/122_14537life1001_776_781.pdf

http://www.lovelyiran.com/markazi/Page-3

 


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