An historical-analytical introduction on destruction Baqi Cemetery

Vahid Pourtajrishi  8/10/2014
An historical-analytical introduction on destruction Baqi Cemetery

The rightful Shiite sect has been attacked by ill-wishers and spiteful enemies because of their ignorance which is caused to challenge with this savior sect of Islam. Their feud is raised of their devil mind and wants to demolish Shiites but it is impossible.

But this is not an acceptable for us as Shiite to neglect our duties for our religion and failing in aberration by missing our faith. Some of the late created streams against Shiite, especially during the last centuries in the name of Islam are from Wahhabis who have shown a ugly face of Islam by doing their wrong works while the opposition group recognize this radical group as pagan. Some of their hideous work is preventing Shiites to visit the holy cemeteries. They destructed the cemetery of Baqi and wanted to demolish the other cemeteries that faced to resistance of the other sects of Islam.

Motivation of creation and destruction of the holy shrines

Respecting the messengers of God, the intellectual guides and spiritual leaders is one of the common manners among the Muslims including Sunni and Shiite people. This much of respects invokes them to visit the holy shrines of their prophets and Imams which backs to their learnt lessons and Quran course. Muslims almost go to visit the shrine of these dears to send regards to them and asking blessing and regards of God for them saying some sentences which contains some moral and religious teachings along their practical programs and methods. Shiites worship and pray beside of the shrines of these dears and ask God to bless and forgive them because of these righteous men of God.

That’s why Muslims have constructed a building for the holy shrines of these great men as a shelter in front of sunshine and rain to be a comfort place for worshipping (for God) and praying. If some these places needs to be extended, a mosque also is added to this complex. These holy shrines are famous usually as Mashhad or Har’am.

These actions of Muslims are a religious manner which is come up from the verses of Quran and traditions of the Grand prophet of Islam which some of them are mentioned in below:

·         God has sent his best greetings to the prophets:

:«سَلامٌ عَلَی إِبْرَاهِیمَ»( ۲۳ )،«سَلامٌ عَلَی مُوسَی وَهَارُونَ »(۲۴ )،« وَسَلامٌ عَلَی الممرْسَلِینَِ »


·         God has glorified the martyrs and righteous worshippers such:


«وَمَن یُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُوْلَئِکَ مَعَ الَّذِینَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَیْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِیِّینَ وَالصِّدِّیقِینَ وَالشُّهَدَاء وَالصَّالِحِینَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَئِکَ رَفیقاً »

·         Quran has advised Muslims to ask forgiveness from God because of his prophet:

:«…وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآؤُوکَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُواْ اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ اللَّهَ تَوَّابًارَّحیماً »


·          In the other case, he criticizes the Monafeqin because of not going to the grand prophet of Islam for asking forgiveness from God:

:«وَإِذَا قِیلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا یَسْتَغْفِرْ لَکُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ لَوَّوْا رُؤُوسَهُمْ وَرَأَیْتَهُمْ یَصُدُّونَ وَهُم مُّسْتَکْبِرُونَ »


·         Burying  the pure body of the grand prophet of Islam in his house shows the tradition of making a shelter and ceiling on the shrine of the spiritual and great faces in Islam and we can find some other examples of this work for the other messengers of God such as Abraham, Adam and Jacob and their wife in Al-Khalil city which was nominated in this name because of Abraham (best regards to him) or David and Solomon whose shrines are located in Beit Lahm,  before and after Islam or the other prophets whose shrines are in Beitul Moqadas which have strong and beauty buildings.

Baqi Cemetery

 The second caliph held Salaat (prayer) beside of the holy shrines of these grand prophets when he captured today Palestine. Also the great leaders of Islam also followed this method. Respecting and visiting the holy shrines were common till eighth century AH that someone in the name of Bin Taimieh started to destruct and scorned to these holy shrines and announced whom visit these places as pilgrimage, is pagan and has to be executed. He issued also fatwa for destruction of these places.

This belief was left then till eleventh century and after four centuries by creation of Wahabism in Saudi Arabia which was revealed and executed. By capture of political power by Wahabists, this thought was executed since 1344 AH and destruction of these holy shrines were started. So, all of the holy shrines which were belonged to the grand prophet of Islam and his family and also the other religious leaders were destructed by Wahabists. The mosques which were existed beside of these shrines also were destructed and no piece of them is remained today.

But what is the motivation for doing these hank actions? Why some people who introduce as Muslim, destruct and scorn to these shrines?

One of the most dangerous slumps in any religion is radicalism and wrong interpretations of the religion. These are the wrong understandings which are come up from the followers of a religion and cause to weak the bases of that religion. We can refer to a historical example on this matter in the name of Khavarej who were appeared in the time of the grand prophet of Islam and were extended in Imam Ali’s era. They fostered like a cancer tumor among Muslims and finally killed Imam Ali (best regards of God upon to him).

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